Itu Aba Island
or Taiping Island
(; ; ), is the largest of the Spratly Islands
in the South China Sea
and the only island with a freshwater supply. The island is elliptical in shape being 1.4 km in length and 0.4 km in width. It is part of the Tizard Bank (Zheng He Reefs), one of seven reefs
in the Spratly Islands near the centre of the South China Sea.
The island is administered by the Republic of China
, as part of Cijin
. It is also claimed by the People's Republic of China
, the Philippines
. The distance from Kaohsiung to Taiping Island is about 1600 km (1000 miles).
The name most commonly used in English
is Itu Aba, which has 3 different origins: one from the Malay
for "What's that?" (spelled itu apa
in the current orthography); or from Hainanese
(黃山馬) - Widuabe
; or said to be named after two Vietnamese maids (Tu and Ba) of a French Indochina
official charged with mapping the Spratly Islands.
The Chinese name Taiping Island is named after the Republic of China Navy
() which sailed to the island to re-claim the Spratlys after the Imperial Japanese Navy
abandoned it in 1945. The islands were formerly called Huángshānmǎ Jiāo
(黃山馬礁) or Huángshānmǎ Zhì
(黃山馬峙) by Chinese fishermen.
name for the island is đảo Ba Bình
(Ba Bình Island), while in Filipino
it is called Ligaw
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