Itu Aba Island

Itu Aba Island

Disputed Islands
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Itu Aba Island

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Description:
Itu Aba Island or Taiping Island (; ; ), is the largest of the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea and the only island with a freshwater supply. The island is elliptical in shape being 1.4 km in length and 0.4 km in width. It is part of the Tizard Bank (Zheng He Reefs), one of seven reefs in the Spratly Islands near the centre of the South China Sea.

The island is administered by the Republic of China , as part of Cijin, Kaohsiung. It is also claimed by the People's Republic of China, the Philippines and Vietnam. The distance from Kaohsiung to Taiping Island is about 1600 km (1000 miles).

Names

The name most commonly used in English is Itu Aba, which has 3 different origins: one from the Malay for "What's that?" (spelled itu apa in the current orthography); or from Hainanese of Huángshānmǎ (黃山馬) - Widuabe; or said to be named after two Vietnamese maids (Tu and Ba) of a French Indochina official charged with mapping the Spratly Islands.

The Chinese name Taiping Island is named after the Republic of China Navy vessel Taiping () which sailed to the island to re-claim the Spratlys after the Imperial Japanese Navy abandoned it in 1945. The islands were formerly called Huángshānmǎ Jiāo (黃山馬礁) or Huángshānmǎ Zhì (黃山馬峙) by Chinese fishermen.

The Vietnamese name for the island is đảo Ba Bình (Ba Bình Island), while in Filipino it is called Ligaw...
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