The Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades
(; named after Izz ad-Din al-Qassam
, often shortened to Al-Qassam Brigades
) is the military wing of the Palestinian Islamist fundamentalist
socio-political organisation Hamas
. Created in 1992, under the direction of Yahya Ayyash
, the primary objective of the group was to build a coherent military organisation to support the goals of Hamas, which was at the time concerned with blocking the Oslo Accords
negotiations. From 1994 to 2000, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades carried out a number of attacks against both Israeli soldiers and civilians.
At the beginning of the Second Intifada
, the group became a central target of Israel. The group's strength and its ability to carry out complex and lethal attacks surprised many observers. The Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades operated several cells in the West Bank
, but most of them were destroyed by 2004 following numerous Israeli Defense Forces
in the region. In contrast, Hamas retained a forceful presence in the Gaza Strip
, generally considered its stronghold.
The Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades is listed as a terrorist organisation by the European Union,
Organization and structure
The fighters' identities and positions in the group often remain secret until... Read More