Both Jainism and Sikhism
are faiths native to the Indian subcontinent. Jainism, like Sikhism, rejected the authority of the Vedas and created independent textual traditions based on the words and examples of their early teachers, eventually evolving entirely new ways for interacting with the lay community.
Jainism is the oldest living Shramana
tradition in India
. In its current form, the Jain tradition is traced to Vardhamana Mahavira
(The Great Hero; ca. 599-527 B.C.), the twenty-fourth and last of the Tirthankaras
(Sanskrit for fordmakers). Mahavira was born to a ruling family in the town of Vaishali
, located in the modern state of Bihar
. The first Tirthankara
was Lord Rishabha
, who lived long before Mahavira. That makes Jainism one of the oldest religions.
Next to the Baha'i Faith
, Sikhism is the youngest of the world's major monotheistic religions. Sikhism was established in 15th century in the state of Punjab
in North India. Guru Nanak
, although born into a Hindu
household in 1469 in the Punjab region, he challenged the existing practices and is considered the founder of the new faith. The Guru loved to travel and observe concepts and ideas regarding spiritual practices of various faiths. At the heart of his message was a philosophy of universal love, devotion to God. By the time he had left this world he had founded a new religion of "disciples" (shiksha or sikh) that followed his example.
Lineage of teachers
The 24th Tirthankara of the Jain... Read More