James Macaulay

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James Macaulay (1759 – January 1, 1822) was the Chief Medical Officer of Upper Canada.

Military career

In 1759, was born in Glasgow, Scotland, the son of a clergyman. He gained a commission into the army as a surgeon and served with the Queen's Rangers during the American Revolution. In 1785, he joined the 33rd Regiment of Foot. In 1791, he arrived in Newark (Niagara-on-the-Lake) in Upper Canada at the invitation of the new Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe, his former commander in the Queen's Rangers, whose wife, Elizabeth Simcoe, had known Macaulay's wife in England, and the two became firm friends in Canada.


Macaulay and his wife, Elizabeth Tuck Hayter (1770–1809), were married at Alverstoke, England, in 1790. She was the daughter of Naval Lieutenant Samuel Hayter (1737–1800) of Wareham Priory, formerly of East Creech Manor, Isle of Purbeck, Dorset, a grandson of Captain Seth Jermy. They were the parents of four sons and four daughters. Two sons died in early manhood, leaving the remaining two sons, John Simcoe Macaulay and Sir James Buchanan Macaulay. Their eldest daughter, Elizabeth, married The Hon. Christopher Alexander Hagerman, and they were the parents of Mrs John Beverley Robinson. The second daughter, Mary, married The Hon. John William Gamble, and another daughter,...
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