The James Madison Memorial Building
is one of three buildings that make up the Library of Congress
and is part of the United States Capitol Complex
. The building was constructed from 1971 to 1976, and serves as the official memorial
to President James Madison
. It is located between First and Second Streets SE on Independence Avenue
, in Washington, DC.
With the help of former Librarian of Congress Lawrence Quincy Mumford
, plans for a third Library of Congress building were started in 1957. Congress
appropriated planning funds for the structure in 1960, and construction was approved by an act of Congress on October 19, 1965 that authorized an appropriation of $75 million. Excavation and foundation work began in June 1971, and work on the superstructure was completed in 1976. The cornerstone, inscribed with the date 1974, was laid on March 8, 1974. Dedication ceremonies were held on April 24, 1980, and the building actually opened on May 28, 1980. It was decided to name the building after Madison largely because he was the person who originally suggested in 1783 that the Continental Congress
form a library
containing a list of books that would be useful to legislators.
The Architect of the Capitol
was charged with the responsibility for the construction of the Madison Building under the direction of the Senate
Building Commissions and the Joint Committee on the Library. The Madison building was originally designed and constructed with the intent to store... Read More