(born in Albemarle County, Virginia
, on September 10, 1799, died September 7, 1870) was an American politician who served as the United States Congressman
from New York (1839–1841). He was the nephew of President James Monroe
He graduated from the United States Military Academy
(West Point) in 1815 and assigned to the Artillery Corps. He served in the war with Algiers; as aide to General Winfield Scott
from 1817 to 1822. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Fourth Artillery in 1821 and served on garrison and commissary duty until 1832. In 1832, he was again appointed as General Scott’s aide. He resigned his commission on September 30, 1832 and moved to New York City.
Monroe served as assistant alderman
of New York City in 1832, alderman 1833-1835, and president of the board aldermen in 1834. He was elected as a Whig
to the twenty-sixth Congress (March 4, 1839-March 3, 1841). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1840. He was a member of the New York state senate from 1850 to 1852.
Wife was Eliza Douglas Monroe. Son was William D. Monroe. Daughter Fanny.
- , Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.