James Monroe Ingalls
(January 25, 1837–May 1, 1927) was an American
soldier and an authority on ballistics
. His ballistic tables were the authoritative source for over 100 years.
Ingalls was born January 25, 1837 in Sutton Township, Caledonia County, Vermont
. He was the youngest of 9 children of James Ingalls (circa 1792-1866) and Mary Cass (circa 1797-1883). His parents are buried in Forest Hill Cemetery, Madison, Dane County, Wisconsin
. He had a sister, Jane Margaret Ingalls (1821–1920), who married Estes Wilson. Jane Ingalls Wilson was one of the first female physicians in Wisconsin.
Ingalls spent his childhood in Clinton, Massachusetts
. He worked as an errand boy at Lancaster Mills and graduated from Clinton High School in 1856.
James Monroe Ingalls moved to Madison, Wisconsin
with his parents about 1856. He became a professor of mathematics in the Evansville Seminary, Wisconsin, 1860-1863. He enlisted in the regular army, January 2, 1864 during the Civil War
, and was assigned to the 16th Infantry; was promoted corporal and served as commissary and quartermaster-sergeant until May 21, 1865. He was promoted 2d and 1st lieutenant May 3, 1865, accepting the promotions May 21, 1865. On April 17, 1869, he was transferred to the 2d Infantry; on January 1, 1871, to the 1st artillery; was Commandant of Cadets and Professor of Military Science and Tactics and Mathematics at West Virginia University 1877-78. He was a very popular professor. He was... Read More