James Ross Island
is a large island off the southeast side and near the northeastern extremity of Antarctic Peninsula
, from which it is separated by Prince Gustav Channel
. Rising to , it is irregularly shaped and extends in a north-south direction. It was charted in October 1903 by the Swedish Antarctic Expedition
under Otto Nordenskiöld
. He named it for Sir James Clark Ross
, leader of a British expedition to this area in 1842, who discovered and roughly charted a number of points along the eastern side of the island. The form James Ross Island is used to avoid confusion with the more widely known Ross Island
in McMurdo Sound
It is one of several islands around the peninsula known as Graham Land
, which is closer to South America than any other part of that continent.
The island was connected to the Antarctic mainland by an ice shelf
until 1995, when the ice shelf collapsed, making the Prince Gustav Channel passable for the first time.Rubin, Jeff (2008). Antarctica
, p. 276. Lonely Planet.
The first Czech Antarctic Base
is located on the island.
The first dinosaur ever discovered in Antarctica was Antarctopelta oliveroi
, a medium-sized ankylosaur
found on James Ross Island by Argentinian geologists
Eduardo Olivero and Roberto Scasso in 1986. The dinosaur was recovered from the Campanian
stage of the Upper Cretaceous Santa Marta Formation
, about south of Santa Marta Cove on the north part of the island. The... Read More