The Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam
() (Assembly of Islamic Clergy
, or JUI
) is a political party in Pakistan
. It formed a combined government in national elections in 2002 and 2008. The party has split into two separate parties: one is led by Maulana Fazal-ur-Rehman
and is known as "Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (Fazlur Rehman)", or "JUI-F", while the other is led by Maulana Sami ul Haq
and is known as "Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (Sami ul Haq)" or "JUI-S".
JUI is a Deobandi
(Sunni/Hanafi) organization, part of the Deobandi Muslim movement. The JUI formed when members broke from the Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind
in 1945 after that organization backed the Indian National Congress
against the Muslim League
's lobby for a separate Pakistan. The first president of the JUI was Allamah Shabbir Ahmad Usmani
The JUI remained a predominantly religious organization
with limited political activity until it was revived by Maulana Mufti Mahmood
as a vehicle to oppose the modernization
policies of then President of Pakistan
, General Ayub Khan
. Following the collapse of the Khan regime in the late 1960s, the JUI participated in Pakistan's first general elections
JUI is working continuously to convert the law of country according to their terminology of Islam.
Ideologically, JUI is regarded as uncompromisingly rigid, insisting on strict enforcement of traditional......