: جمرود ,), is a town located in the Khyber Agency
, one of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas
. The town is the doorway to the Khyber pass
, part of the Hindu Kush
range. The town has road and rail linkages with Peshawar
city of Pakistan, and a pass connects it with Landi Kotal
, located near the borders of Afghanistan
Jamrud, lying in proximity to the Khyber pass, has remained a location on the trade route between central Asia
and the South Asia
and a strategic
military location. Jamrud is located at an altitude of 1512 ft (461 meters) above sea level
and is 10.2 miles (17 km) west from the city of Peshawar. Jamrud Fort
is located at 33.969N,71.338E.
After the battle of panipat.Marathas took the lahore fort and went on till Jamrud to capture the fort there.
The Battle of Jamrud
between the Sikh Empire
and Durrani Empire
took place at Jamrud. Jamrud was a strategic location and served as a base for a cantonment of the British Indian Army
during the period of the British Raj
. During the military operations of 1878-79 Jamrud became a place of considerable importance as the frontier outpost on British territory towards Afghanistan, and it was also the base of operations for a portion of the Tirah campaign in 1897-1898. It was also the headquarters of the Khyber Rifles
, and the collecting station for the Khyber tolls. The population in 1901 was 1,848.
The place continues to be of strategic significance.