The JapanÔÇôKorea Treaty of 1910
, also known as the JapanÔÇôKorea Annexation Treaty,
was made by representatives of the Empire of Japan
and the Korean Empire
in 1910. Negotiations were concluded on August 20, 1910. The document was signed on August 22, 1910.
The treaty was proclaimed to the public (and became effective) on August 29, officially starting the period of Japanese rule
in Korea. The treaty
had eight articles, the first being: "His Majesty the Emperor of Korea makes the complete and permanent cession to His Majesty the Emperor of Japan
of all rights of sovereignty over the whole of Korea."
In modern Korea, the treaty is also commonly called "Hanil Hapbang Neugyak
(ÝĽťýŁ╝ ÝĽęŰ░ę ŰŐĹýĽŻ)," which simply means a coerced (and hence invalid) treaty ("neugyak
") of Korea's annexation to Japan. The event itself is also called "Gyeongsul Gukchi
(ŕ▓ŻýłáŕÁşý╣ś ň║ÜŠłîňťőŠüą)," which means "the humiliation of the nation in 1910." The day it happened, August 29, is remembered today as "Gukchi-il
(ŕÁşý╣śýŁ╝)," that is, "the day of national shame."
The legality of the Treaty was disputed by the exiled Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea
as well as the modern Republic of Korea
; a... Read More