- :For the Imperial Japanese Army (1871–1947), please see that article.
- :For the Ministry of the Military (701–1871), please see that article.
The , or JGSDF
, is the army
. The largest of the three services of the Japan Self-Defense Forces
, the Ground Self-Defense Force operates under the command of the chief of the ground staff, based in the city of Ichigaya, Tokyo
. The present chief of ground staff is General Yoshifumi Hibako
. The JGSDF numbers around 148,000 soldiers.
Japan accepted the Potsdam Declaration
in 1945, and, based on Potsdam Declaration Article 9, the Imperial Japanese Army
and Imperial Japanese Navy
were dismantled. Both were replaced by United States Armed Forces occupation force, which assumed responsibility for the defense of Japan.
The National Security Board was created in 1952. The National Security Board oversaw police reserve forces, Maritime Guard and Maritime Safety Agency minesweeping corps, and were reorganized by the National Security Force. These changes were influenced by the Korean War.
The building of the defense ability advanced, and, on July 1, 1954, the National Security Board was reorganized by the Defense Agency, and the National Security Force and the garrison were reorganized afterwards by the Ground Self-Defense Force, the Marine Self Defense Force, the Air Self-Defense Force.
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