The Javan tiger
(Panthera tigris sondaica
) is an extinct tiger
subspecies. It inhabited the Indonesian
island of Java
until the 1980s and was one of the three subspecies limited to islands.
Javan tigers were very small compared to other subspecies of the Asian
mainland, but larger in size than Bali tigers
. Males weighed between on average with a body length of . Females were smaller than males and weighed between on average.<br />Their nose was long and narrow, occipital plane remarkably narrow and carnassials relatively long. They usually had long and thin stripes, which were slightly more numerous than of the Sumatran Tiger
.Mazák, J.H., Groves, C.P. (2006) A taxonomic revision of the tigers (Panthera tigris)
. Mammalian Biology 71 (5): 268–287 The smaller body size of the Javan Tiger is attributed to Bergmann’s rule
and the size of the available prey species in Java, which are smaller than the cervid
species distributed on the Asian mainland. However, the diameter of their tracks are larger than of Bengal Tiger
.Seidensticker, J. (1986) Large Carnivores and the Consequences of Habitat Insularization: Ecology and Conservation of Tigers in Indonesia and Bangladesh.
Pp 1-42 In: Miller, S.D., Everett, D.D. (eds.) Cats of the world: biology, conservation and management. National Wildlife Federation, Washington......