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Joal-Fadiouth is a village at the end of the Petite Côte of Senegal, south-east of Dakar.

Joal lies on the mainland, while Fadiouth, linked by a bridge, lies on an island of clam shell, which are also used in local architecture and crafts. The village has no motorised transport evidenced by the sign on entering. It has large Christian and Muslim populations with cemeteries on another shell island. Another attraction is granaries on stilts in the water.


While the origin of the village remains disputed, the establishment of the Serer in the area is assumed to have begun when the advance of the Almoravids in the 11th-century forced them to leave the Sénégal River's valleys, occupying the Petite Côte and the region of the Sine River. Another theory claims that Joal and Fadiouth have been founded by the Guelwar when they were expelled from the kingdom of Kaabu.Both of these theories find their validation by observing the frequency of certain surnames, indicating ethnic group in the region.

In the early 17th century, until around 1635, a community of Portuguese Jewish traders lived in the village, trading with West Africa, Portugal and Holland. Protected by the local chief, they were allowed to openly profess their religion, to the annoyance of the Portuguese (Catholic) government.

During the colonial occupation, Joal became on of the largest trading posts in Western Senegal. The setting up of European posts during the triangular trade made the village one of the...
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