Joanna, Duchess of Brabant

Joanna, Duchess Of Brabant

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Joanna, Duchess of Brabant

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Joanna, Duchess of Brabant (24 June 1322 – 1 November 1406), also known as Jeanne, was the heiress of Duke John III, who died in Brussels, December 5, 1355. Her mother was Marie d'Évreux.

Family

Joanna's maternal grandparents were Louis d'Évreux and his wife, Margaret of Artois. Her paternal grandparents were John II, Duke of Brabant and his wife Margaret of England. Margaret of England was a daughter of Edward I of England and his first wife Eleanor of Castile.

Joanna was the eldest child born to her parents. Only herself and two other sister, Margaret and Marie lived to adulthood; her three younger brothers died in childhood.

Life

Joanna's first marriage, in 1334, was to William IV, Count of Holland (1307 – 1345), who subsequently died in battle and their only son William died young, thus foiling that project of unifying their territories.

Her second marriage was to Wenceslaus of Luxemburg. The famous document, the foundation of the rule of law in Brabant called the Blijde Inkomst ("Joyous Entry"), was arrived at in January 1355/6, in order to assure Joanna and her consort peacable entry into their capital and to settle the inheritance of the Duchy of Brabant on her "natural heirs", who were Joanna's sisters, they being more acceptable to the burghers of Brabant than rule by the House of Luxembourg.

As events transpired, the document was a dead letter, with the military incursion into Brabant of the Count of Flanders, Louis II, who...
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