Johann Gottfried Walther
(18 September 1684 – 23 March 1748) was a German music theorist
, composer, and lexicographer
of the Baroque
Walther was born at Erfurt
. Not only was his life almost exactly contemporaneous to that of Johann Sebastian Bach
, he was the famous composer's cousin.
Walther was most well-known as the compiler of the Musicalisches Lexicon
, 1732), an enormous dictionary of music and musicians. Not only was it the first dictionary of musical terms written in the German language, it was the first to contain both terms and biographical information about composers and performers up to the early 18th century. In all, the Musicalisches Lexicon
defines more than 3,000 musical terms; Walther evidently drew on more than 250 separate sources in compiling it, including theoretical treatises of the early Baroque and Renaissance
. The single most important source for the work was the writings of Johann Mattheson
, who is referenced more than 200 times.
Some further information on Walther can be found in the book Musica Poetica
by Dietrich Bartel. On page 22, Bartel quotes Walther's definition of musica poetica, or musical rhetoric, as:
- "Musica Poetica or musical composition is a mathematical science through which an agreeable and correct harmony of the notes is brought to paper in order that it might later be sung or played, thereby appropriately moving the listeners to Godly devotion as well as to please and delight both mind and......