(1607 – 8 October 1664) is best known as the Royalist
captain who was the Governor of Donnington Castle
during the English Civil War
Boys was born in at Bonnington
, in Kent
, the eldest son and heir of Edward Boys of Bonnington, by Jane, a daughter of Edward Sanders (of Northborne). He was baptized at Chillendon
, on 5 April 1607.
Defence of Donnington Castle
is located north of the town of Newbury
. It was garrisoned in 1643 for King Charles I
and commanded the road from Oxford
to Southampton, and the road from London
to Bath. It was from 1643 under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel John Boys who spent £1,000 on earthworks to strengthen the defences.
A division of the Royalist Regiment of the Earl Rivers
consisting of 200 foot, 25 horse and 4 guns under the command of John Boys, 'a professional soldier from Kent', were put into Donnington Castle and held the castle from 1643 until 1 April 1646.
On 31 July 1644 Donnington Castle was attacked by a division of the New Model Army
of 3000 horses and dragoons, under the command of Lieutenant-General John Middleton, without any artillery support who attempted to compel a surrender from Boys, but the Parliamentary army was repulsed with the loss of at least 300 men.
About a month later, on 29 September, Colonel Jeremy Horton
began a 12 day blockade laying siege to Donnington, having raised a battery at the foot of the hill, near Newbury he was able to shatter the southern towers of the... Read More