John George II, Elector of Saxony

John George II, Elector Of Saxony

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John George II, Elector of Saxony

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Johann Georg II of Saxony (b. Dresden, 31 May 1613 - d. Freiberg, 22 August 1680), was an Elector of Saxony from 1656 to 1680.

He was the third (fourth in order of birth) but eldest surviving son of the Elector Johann Georg I of Saxony and Magdalene Sybille of Prussia, his second spouse.

Johann Georg succeeded his father as Elector when he died on 8 October 1656.

His reign was marked by the economic reconstruction of Saxony after the Thirty Years' War. The economy animated itself slowly again, to which established and also new trades and manufacture contributed (textile industry, promotion of hard coal and glass, among other things). The silver extracted from his mountains filled the empty arcs of the Electorate, and the Leipzig Trade Fair gained new income. Also the bohemian Exulanten (1654) contributed new income to the economics.

Thanks to duke Wilhelm of Saxe-Weimar, Johann Georg was accepted into the Fruitbearing Society (1658).

In 1657 he made an arrangement with his three brothers with the object of preventing disputes over their separate territories, and in 1664 he entered into friendly relations with Louis XIV. He received money from the French king, but the existence of a strong anti-French party in Saxony induced him occasionally to respond to the overtures of the emperor Leopold I.

The elector's primary interests were not in politics, but in music and art. He adorned Dresden, which under him became the musical centre of Germany; welcoming foreign musicians and others...
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