John Hancock Financial is a loose term for a United States insurance company which existed, in various forms, from its founding on April 21, 1862, until its acquisition in 2004 by the Canadian insurance company Manulife Financial. It was named in honor of John Hancock, a prominent patriot. The company continues to operate as a wholly owned subsidiary of Manulife and its headquarters remains in Boston, Massachusetts. John Hancock Financial Network (JHFN) is the retail distribution company of John Hancock Life Insurance Company, U.S.A., which is a wholly owned subsidiary of Manulife Financial Corporation.
Timeline of corporate name and structure changes
April 21, 1862, the charter of the John Hancock Mutual Life Insurance Company was approved by John A. Andrew, governor of Massachusetts.
John Hancock advertisements and newspaper articles from the 1930s refer to it as the "John Hancock Life Insurance Company".
1940s source refer to it as the "John Hancock Mutual Life Insurance Company".
A July 2, 1998, Boston Herald story, John Hancock Mutual Life Insurance Co. chairman, is quoted: "We have always said quite clearly that we are not for sale," Brown said, moving to kill speculation about possible deals with BankBoston or Fleet Financial Group. "There are simply no merger talks going on."