John Jacob Bausch
(July 25, 1830 – February 14, 1926)
was a - maker of who co-founded (with ).
Born as Jakob Bausch
in Groß Süßen
(today part of Süßen
) in Württemberg
to Georg Bausch, a baker, and his wife Anna Schmid. Bausch was eighteen when he moved to Bern, Switzerland
, where he found work in an optical shop designing camera lenses
. The following year he emigrated to the United States
. Upon his arrival in Rochester, New York
he changed his first name to John.
In 1853, Bausch opened a retail optical shop in Rochester. Bausch sold spectacles
, field glasses
and opera glasses
. His friend Henry Lomb invested his savings in Bausch's shop and in 1855 became his partner.
While walking in a New York street, Bausch found a piece of Vulcanite
Rubber. He took it back to his workshop and discovered he could make eyeglass frames from the material. At that time frames were mainly made from gold
or European horn.
In 1860, the Bausch & Lomb company built the first machine in America to produce spectacles. Lomb was in charge of sales and Bausch concentrated on manufacturing.
During the American Civil War
, the blockade caused the price of gold and European horn to rise dramatically. This resulted in a growing demand for the Bausch & Lomb spectacles made from Vulcanite.
In 1876, the company began manufacturing microscopes
. Later that year the Bausch & Lomb Optical Company won a distinction at the Philadelphia......