John Keegan 'Leo' Casey
(1846 – March 17, 1870), known as the Poet of the Fenians
, was an Irish
poet, orator, novelist and Republican
who was famous as the writer of the song The Rising of the Moon
and as one of the central figures in the Fenian Rising
of 1867. He was imprisoned by the English and died on St. Patrick's Day
He was born in Milltown
, County Westmeath
to a teacher during the height of the Great Hunger
of 1846. Eight years later he moved to Gurteen, near Ballymahon
in County Longford
, when his father was given the post of head master at the local school. Casey's work would come to be closely associated with Ballymahon.
As a teenager he worked as an assistant to his father and was expected to follow him into teaching; however, he was disillusioned by the insufficiently nationalistic nature of the curriculum and spent a great deal of time writing poetry.
It was at this time, reputedly at the age of fifteen, that he wrote his best-known song, The Rising of the Moon
, which commemorates the Irish Rebellion of 1798
Following the increasing popularity of his songs and ballads at nationalist gatherings, he moved to Dublin in the 1860s and became active in the Fenian movement. He was a major contributor to The Nation
newspaper, for which he assumed his pen-name of 'Leo'.
In 1866, at the age of 20, he published a collection of poems, entitled A Wreath of Shamrocks
; most of the poems therein had already been published elsewhere, primarily in... Read More