John Morgan (physician)

John Morgan (Physician)

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John Morgan (physician)

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John Morgan (1735–1789) was co-founder of the Medical College at the University of Pennsylvania, the first medical school in Colonial America; and he served as the second "Chief physician & director general" of the Continental Army (an early name for the U.S. Army Surgeon General). He also founded the American Philosophical Society in 1766 in Philadelphia.


The first son of Evan Morgan, an immigrant from Wales, and Joanna Biles, Morgan was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. After a classical education at Nottingham Academy in Chester County, he graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1757.

He fought for the British during the Seven Years War, commissioned as a lieutenant and serving as a surgeon on the western frontier. After that he studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, where he earned his degree in 1763. He did some touring in Europe, studying medical practice in Paris and visiting Italy. During this time, he was elected to the Royal Academy of Surgery at Paris in 1764 and the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and of London in 1765.

Marriage and family

After his return to Philadelphia in 1765, Morgan married Mary Hopkinson, the sister of his classmate Francis Hopkinson at Penn.

Medical school

That year with Dr. William Shippen, another Edinburgh graduate, Morgan...
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