John Robert Morris
(June 8, 1913 – June 1, 1977) was an English historian who specialised in the study of the institutions of the Roman Empire
and the history of Sub-Roman Britain
. He is best known for his book The Age of Arthur
(1973), in which he attempted to reconstruct the history of Britain and Ireland during the so-called "Dark Ages
" following the Roman withdrawal, based on scattered archaeological
and historical records. Much of his other work focused on Britain during this time.
Morris read Modern History at Jesus College, Oxford
from 1932 to 1935, and served in the Army
during the Second World War
. After the war he held a Leon Fellowship at the University of London
and a Junior Fellowship at the Warburg Institute
. In 1948 he was appointed Lecturer in Ancient History at University College, London
. He worked in India in 1968 and 1969 as a lecturer for the Indian University Grants Commission, before returning to UCL to become Senior Lecturer in Ancient History, a post he held until his death.
In 1952 Morris founded the historical journal Past & Present
, which he edited until 1960, and remained chairman of the editorial board until 1972. He was one of the writers, along with A. H. M. Jones
and J. R. Martindale, of The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire
, a biographical dictionary of the years 284-641, the first volume of which was published in 1971. He also instigated the publication of a new edition of the Domesday Book
, and edited the......