John Rawlings Rees OBE MD RAMC
(also known as 'Jack') (25 June 1890 11 April 1969) was a wartime and civilian psychiatrist and became a brigadier
in the British Army. He was a member of the group of key figures at the original Tavistock Clinic
(more correctly called the Tavistock Institute of Medical Psychology) and became its medical director from 1934. This group specialised in the new 'dynamic psychologies' of Sigmund Freud
and his followers, and in particular the Object relations
theory of Ronald Fairbairn
and others. He became a consultant to the British Army during the second world war, but remained with Tavistock (although this is not made clear on the official Tavistock site). According, to Eric Trist
, another key member of the original Tavistock group, who was later to become director of the Tavistock Institute:
- "In 1941 a group of psychiatrists at the Tavistock Clinic saw that the right questions were asked in Parliament in order to secure the means to try new measures. As a result they were asked to join the Directorate of Army Psychiatry, and did so as a group."
After the war, the members of this group went on to found the Tavistock Institute
, with funding from the Rockefeller Foundation
. Later, many of them would occupy influential posts in world organisations, with Rees himself becoming first President and Director of the World Federation for Mental Health
which he founded, now a......