John Sullivan Dwight
(May 13, 1813 – September 5, 1893) was a Unitarian minister
and America's first influential classical music
Dwight was born in Boston, Massachusetts
, the son of John Dwight, M.D. (1773–1852), and Mary Corey. He was suspected as being a member of the New England Dwight family
through his paternal grandfather John Dwight, Jr. (1740–1816).He graduated from Harvard College
in 1832 and then prepared for the Unitarian ministry at Harvard Divinity School
where he graduated in 1836. Dwight was ordained as minister in 1840, but this was not his vocation. Instead he developed a deep interest in music, in particular studying Ludwig van Beethoven
's music closely.
Dwight served as director of the school at the Brook Farm
commune where he also taught music and organised musical and theatrical events. About this time he began writing a regular column on music.
Brook Farm collapsed financially in 1847, but Dwight set up a cooperative house in Boston and began a career in musical journalism. He married singer Mary Bullard (daughter of Silas Bullar and Mary Ann Barrett) on February 11, 1851. In 1852 he founded Dwight's Journal of Music
, which became one of the most respected and influential such periodicals in the country in the mid-19th century.Blum, Stephen. "Sources, Scholarship and Historiography" in the Garland......