Joseph McGrath (politician)

Joseph McGrath (Politician)

Joseph McGrath (politician)

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Joseph McGrath (1887 – 1 March 1966) was an Irish politician. He was a Sinn Féin and later a Cumann na nGaedheal Teachta Dála for various constituencies in Dublin and County Mayo and developed widespread business interests.

Political career

McGrath was born in Dublin in 1887. He became involved in Irish nationalism and soon joined the Irish Republican Brotherhood. He fought in Marrowbone Lane in the 1916 Easter Rising. McGrath was arrested after the rising, and jailed in Wormwood Scrubs and Brixton prisons in England. In the 1918 general election he was elected Sinn Féin TD for the St James division of Dublin and later went on to become a member of the First Dáil. He was also a member of the Irish Republican Army, the guerrilla army of the Irish Republic, and successfully organized many bank robberies during the Irish war of Independence (1919–1921), where a small percentage of the proceeds was retained as a reward by him and his fellow-soldiers.

In October 1921 McGrath travelled with the Irish Treaty Delegation to London as one of Michael Collins' personal staff.

In the Irish Civil War of 1922-1923, he took the pro-treaty side and was made Director of Intelligence, replacing Liam Tobin. He was later put in charge of the police Intelligence service of the new Irish state, the Criminal Investigation Department or CID. It was accused of the torture and killing of a number of republican (anti-treaty) prisoners during the civil war and was disbanded at the...
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