The eighteen judges of the International Criminal Court (ICC) are elected for nine-year terms by the member-countries of the court. Candidates must be nationals of those countries and they must "possess the qualifications required in their respective States for appointment to the highest judicial offices".
A judge may be disqualified from "any case in which his or her impartiality might reasonably be doubted on any ground",
The judges are organized into three divisions: the Pre-Trial Division, Trial Division and Appeals Division.
Qualifications, election and terms
Judges are elected to the ICC by the Assembly of States Parties, the court's governing body., of the Rome Statute provides for two circumstances under which judges may be re-elected. Firstly, the six judges who were elected to three-year terms in 2003 were eligible for re-election in 2006. Secondly, any judge elected to fill a vacancy serves the remainder of his predecessor's term; if the remainder of the term is... Read More