The Judicial Appointments Commission
is responsible for selecting judges
in England and Wales
. It is a non-departmental public body
which was created on 3 April 2006 as part of the reforms following the Constitutional Reform Act 2005
. It took over a responsibility previously that of the Lord Chancellor
and the Department for Constitutional Affairs
(previously the Lord Chancellor's Department
), although the Lord Chancellor retains responsibility for appointing the selected candidates. The Lord Chancellor has also given up his other judicial functions, including the right to sit as a judge in the House of Lords
The Commission launched its new system to select High Court
judges on 31 October 2006, looking for candidates to fill 10 vacancies and 15 for a reserve list. Candidates submitted a nine-page application form, and shortlisted candidates were interviewed. All candidates were to be judged on merit alone, measured by five core qualities: intellectual capacity; personal qualities (integrity, independence, judgment, decisiveness, objectivity, ability; willingness to learn); ability to understand and deal fairly; authority and communication skills; and efficiency.
The Commission is made up of 15 members: 2 from the legal profession (1 barrister
, 1 solicitor
), 5 judges, 1 tribunal member, 1 lay justice (magistrate
), 6 lay people, including the chairman, supported by a staff of over 100. The members of the Commission are:
- Mr Christopher......