General Julien Augustin Joseph Mermet
(born Le Quesnoy
9 May 1772 – died Paris
28 October 1837) fought in the Napoleonic Wars
as a division commander in Italy and in the Peninsular War
Mermet commanded a dragoon division in Marshal André Masséna
's army during the 1805 Italian campaign. In 1806, still commanding his cavalry division (23rd, 29th and 30th Dragoon Regiments), he was present at the siege and capture of the fortress of Gaeta, on the west coast of Italy.
During the second French invasion of Portugal in 1809, Mermet led a division under Marshal Nicolas Soult
. He fought at the First Battle of Porto
on 28 March and the Battle of Grijó
on 11 May. Before the Second Battle of Porto
his unit was sent away to guard Soult's artillery and baggage.
In the third French invasion of Portugal, Mermet commanded the 2nd Division in Marshal Michel Ney
's VI Corps. He fought at the sieges of Ciudad Rodrigo
, the Battle of the Côa
and the Battle of Bussaco
in 1810. During the retreat from Portugal, Mermet participated in actions at Redinha
and Foz do Arouce as part of Ney's rear guard.
Mermet led his division in Maj-General Louis Loison
's VI Corps at the Battle of Fuentes de Onoro
in May 1811. At the Battle of Vitoria
in June 1813, he led a light cavalry division in Maj-Gen Honoré Reille
's Army of Portugal.
- Glover, Michael, The Peninsular War 1807-1814 Penguin, 1974.
- Smith, Digby, The Napoleonic Wars Data Book Greenhill,......