Julio César Tello
(April 11, 1880 – June 3, 1947) was a Peruvian archaeologist
. Tello is considered the "father of Peruvian archeology" and was America's first indigenous
archaeologist. He made the major discoveries of the prehistoric Paracas culture
and founded a national museum of archeology.
Tello was born a "mountain Indian" in an Andean
village in Huarochirí Province
, Peru; his family spoke Quechua
, the most widely spoken indigenous language in the nation. He was able to gain a first-class education by persuading the Peruvian government to fund it. Tello completed his Bachelor's degree
at the National University of San Marcos
in Peru in 1909. While still a student, Tello studied the practice of trepanation
among natives of Huarochirí and amassed a very large collection of skulls. He was also studying early pathologies in the population. His collection became the basis for a collection at his university. His abilities were recognized early and senior men acted as mentors.
He was awarded a scholarship by Harvard University
, where he learned English and earned his Master's degree
in 1911. Next he went to Europe, where he studied archeology.... Read More