(弘和) was a Japanese era name
, lit. year name) of the Southern Court
during the Era of Northern and Southern Courts
and before Genchū
. This period spanned the years from February 1381 to April 1384.Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Nengō
" in n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see
. The Southern Court
emperors in Yoshino during this time-frame were and . The Northern court
emperors in Kyoto were and
During the Meiji period
, an Imperial decree dated March 3, 1911 established that the legitimate reigning monarchs of this period were the direct descendants of Emperor Go-Daigo
through Emperor Go-Murakami
, whose had been established in exile in Yoshino
, near Nara.Thomas, Julia Adeney. (2001). , citing Mehl, Margaret. (1997). History and the State in Nineteenth-Century Japan.
Until the end of the Edo period
, the militarily superior pretender-Emperors supported by the Ashikaga shogunate
had been mistakenly incorporated in Imperial chronologies despite the undisputed fact that the Imperial Regalia
were not in their possession.
This illegitimate had been established in Kyoto
by Ashikaga Takauji
Change of era
- 1381, also called : The new era name was created to mark......