Kaithal

Kaithal

Indian Jurisdiction
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Kaithal

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Description:
<!-- See WikiProject Indian cities for details -->Kaithal () () is a city and a municipal council in Kaithal district in the Indian state of Haryana. Kaithal was previously a part of Karnal District and later, Kurukshetra District until 1 November 1989, when it became the headquarters of the Kaithal District of Haryana.

Geography

Kaithal is located at . It has an average elevation of 220&nbsp;metres (721&nbsp;feet).

This city is situated on National Highway NH 65, connecting the state capital Chandigarh to Hissar, and has rail connections to other parts of the country.

History

Historically, it was known as Kapisthal, meaning "Abode of Kapi", another name of Lord Hanuman), and it is said to have been founded by the Pandava Emperor, Yudhisthira of Mahabharata. It is traditionally connected with Hanuman, and has a temple dedicated to Anjani, the mother of Hanuman. Timur stopped here in 1398, before attacking Delhi. Later, the city became a Muslim cultural centre, under the rule of Delhi Sultanate. Tombs of several Sufi saints dating from the 13th century can be found in the city today; most important among them is that of Sheikh Sala -ud-din of Bhalkh (1246 CE). The town was renovated and a fort was built during the rule of the Mughal Emperor, Akbar, and as per Ain-i-Akbari, it was a pargana, under the sarkar of Sirhind, and had developed into an agricultural centre Ain-i-Akbari.

In 1767, it fell into the...
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