() was a princely state
located in the centre of the modern province of Balochistan
. The state capital was the town of Kalat
The State of Kalat was located between 25°1′ and30°8′N. And 61°37′ and 69°22′E., with a total area of . It occupied the whole of the centre and south-west of the Province of Balochistan, with the exception of the indentation caused by the little State of Las Bela
. It was bounded on the west by Iran
; on the east by the Bolan Pass
, the Maxi and Bugti hills, and Sindh
; on the north by the Chagai and Quetta-Pishin Districts; and on the south by LasBela and the Arabian Sea
. With the exception of the plains of Kharan, Kachhi, and Dasht in Makran, the country is wholly mountainous, the ranges being intersected here and there by long narrow valleys.
The principal mountains are the Central Brahui, Kirthar, Pab, Siahan
, Central Makran and Makran Coast Ranges, which descend in elevation from about 10,000 to . The drainage of the country is almost all carried off to the southward by the Nari, Mula
, Porali, Hingol
rivers. The only large river draining northwards is the Rakhshan. The coast-line stretches for about , from near Kalmat to Gwadar Bay
, and the chief port is Pasni
. Round Gwadar the country was in the possession of the Sultan of Muscat.
The state of Kalat was founded in 1638. The territories controlled by the state fluctuated over the centuries but eventually... Read More