Kalinganagar is a small town in Jajpur district of coastal Orissa, India, a region influenced by the Naxalite movement. It is rich in iron ore resources. Recently, because of high global demand of steel, Kalinganagar is in the process of becoming a major global hub in steel and ancillary products. A large number of steel plants including projects by Tata Steel are in various stages of implementation.
On January 2, 2006, police fired on tribals protesting against the construction of a boundary wall by Tata Steel. Twelve tribals and one police officer were killed during this tragic incident. The protest was called because tribals felt that they were not being compensated enough for construction projects by large industrial houses on lands traditionally occupied by them.