is a name used by Indian
composer duo known for its work on Hindi film
soundtracks, particularly action potboilers in the 1970s. The name comes from first names of the two Gujarati
brothers that formed the duo, Kalyanji Virji Shah
and Anandji Virji Shah
. Some of their best known works are Don
, Qurbani and Safar
and won the 1975 Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
, for Kora Kagaz
Kalyanji and Anandji were children of a businessman who migrated from Kutch
to start a grocery and provision store. The two brothers began to learn music from a music teacher, who taught them in lieu of paying his bills to their father. One of their fore-grand parents, was a folk musician of some eminence. They spent most of their formative years in the hamlet of Girgaum
(a district in Mumbai) amidst Marathi
environs and amidst some eminent musical talent that resided in the vicinity.
Kalyanji started his career as a musician, with a new electronic instrument called the CLAVIOLINE. which was used for the famous NAGIN BEEN, utilsed in the film NAGIN (1954) which had the music of Hemant Kumar. Kalyanji then, along with his brother ANANDJI started an orchestral group called KALYANJI VIRJI AND PARTY - which organised musical, shows in Mumbai and outside. This was the first attempt made for holding live musical shows in India.
Kalyanji Anandji's arrival in the Bombay Film Industry as music composers was a... Read More