He got his primary education from villages Ratatalai and Abgaonkalan. He passed his middle school from Municipal Middle School Harda and Higher Secondary from Sadhana Higher Secondary School Harda. He accomplished his B.Com. and LLB from devi ahilya university Indore.
Kamal Patel has been associated with Akhil Bhartiya Vidyarthi Parishad, a student Union affiliated with Bharatiya Janata Party, from student life. He was president of BJP Yuva Morcha Hoshangabad. He is state general secretary of BJP Yuva Morcha. The main achievements of his political career are as under:
1989 – He became member of Madhya Pradesh BJP state executive committee.
1993 – First time elected MLA from Harda constituency.
1998 – Second time elected MLA from Harda constituency.
2003 – Third time elected MLA from Harda constituency.
2005 – Kamal Patel was made state minister (independent charge) of Medical Education, Technical Education and Training with effect from 1 June 2005 in Babulal Gaur government. Later he was promoted to rank of cabinet minister and given the charge of revrnue, religious trust and endowsment, and rehibilitation departments in the government of Shivraj Singh Chauhan.