, or "chamber loader", was the first Norwegian breech loading rifle
, and among the very first breech loaders adopted for use by an armed force anywhere in the world. A single shot black powder
rifle, the kammerlader
was operated with a crank mounted on the side of the receiver
. This made it much quicker and easier to load than the weapons previously used. Kammerladers
quickly gained a reputation for being fast and accurate rifles, and would have been a deadly weapon against massed ranks of infantry.
was introduced in 1842, and it is thought that about 40,000 were manufactured until about 1870. While first flintlock
breech loading rifles, such as Ferguson
, were launched decades before 1842 Norway was the first European country to introduce breech loaders on a large scale throughout its army and navy, although the United States had been the first in the world with the M1819 Hall rifle
. The kammerladers
were manufactured in several different models, and most models were at some point modified in some way or other.
were phased out as more modern rifles were approved for use. They were either modified for rimfire
cartridges, sold off to civilians or melted for scrap. Rifles sold to civilians were often modified for use as shotguns
firearms. Today it is hard to find an unmodified kammerlader
, and collectors often pay high prices for them.
In the early 19th century, the Norwegian Army
decided that... Read More