Kaptai Dam

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Kaptai Dam () is located on the Karnaphuli River at Kaptai, 65 km upstream from Chittagong in Rangamati District, Bangladesh. It is an earthfill embankment dam with a reservoir (known as Kaptai Lake) water storage capacity of 11,000 kmĀ². The primary purpose of the construction of the dam and reservoir was to generate hydroelectric power. Construction was completed in 1962.


A brief reconnaissance was carried out in 1906 when the Karnafuli Hydropower Station was first contemplated. A second study was carried out in 1923. In 1946, E. A. Moore recommended the proposed project at Barkal about 65 kilometers upstream of present dam site at Kaptai. In 1950, Marz Rendal Vatten Consulting Engineers proposed a site at Chilardak, about 45 kilometers upstream of Kaptai. In 1951, the government engineers proposed a site at Chitmoram which is 11 kilometers downstream of the present site. Under the guidance of then Chief Engineer (Irrigation) Khwaja Azimuddin, the construction site was chosen at present location of the dam in 1951. The International Engineering Co. Inc. (IECO) was engaged for a study on the project. Utah International Inc. was selected as construction contractor. The construction of the dam started in 1957.


Starting in 1957, the initial phase of the construction was completed in 1962. By this time the dam, spillway, penstock and two units of powerhouses were built. Each of the...
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