; or just Lua
; is an ancient Hawaiian martial art
based on bone breaking, joint locks
, pressure point
manipulation, strikes, usage of various weapons, battlefield strategy, open ocean warfare as well as the usage of introduced firearms
from the Europeans
The actual name of fighting art was referred to as "Kuialua", literally meaning two hits. That name was subsequently given to the god
of this martial art.
Only those associated with the alii
(nobility), such as professional warriors, guardsmen, and the royal families themselves, were generally taught Kuialua. However, during times of warfare, the makaainana
(commoners) were also instructed in the basic movements and functions of the martial art.
The old warriors of this art would coat themselves with a thin layer of coconut oil
and remove all of their body hair in order to be able slip away and avoid being grappled in battle. The word for Lua masters, olohe
, literally means "hairless".
The modern form of this art has been adjusted to suit modern times, however, the traditional spirit of the art remains intact. Weapons used by natives of the Hawaiian Islands
may have been focused on primarily in the art at one time, as it is said the fighter who loses his weapons should then resort to the hand-to-hand stylings of Kuialua.
Training methods include spear catching, training in the surf, and focus of "mana" or life force. This... Read More