- For the location in Syria, see Karkar.
is an oval-shaped volcanic
island located in the Bismarck Sea
, about 30 kilometres off the north coast of mainland Papua New Guinea
in Madang Province
. The island is about 25 km in length and 19 km in width. In the centre is an active volcano with two nested calderas
. Google Maps hosts a of the island.
The latest eruptions on this island occurred in the 1970s. The 1974-1975 eruption produced a large volume of lava which covered almost 70 percent of the inner caldera's floor, while 1979 produced no lava flow.
The population of approximately 50,000 is mostly Lutheran
and speaks the two languages Waskia
. Most people also speak Tok Pisin, and English is taught in the schools. Neighboring islands are Bagabag
A single road runs around the entire length of the island. Karkar Secondary School is the only high school. There is one hospital, Gaubin Hospital, known formally as the Edwin & Tabitha Tscharke Memorial Hospital, which is run by the Lutheran Health Service and staffed by several rotating German doctors. The hospital includes a training center for Community Health Workers.
The two main exports from the island are Cacao
, which can grow in the same soil due to vast height differences. Large plantations are generally family owned.
The coastal villages on the west part of the island: Kargos (population 150), Mom (800) and... Read More