Karl Otto Lange

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For the person persecuted by the Nazis, see Karl Lange

Karl Otto Heinrich Lange, Dr.-Ing. (1903 – November 29, 1973) was a pioneer in aviation (soaring), atmospheric science, engineering education, and biomedical engineering (effects of gravity and vibration).

Dr. Karl Otto Lange joined the meteorology faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1931. After his arrival, according to THE TECH, MIT's newspaper, daily weather observations from the ground level to a height of more than three miles (5 km) above Boston will be made by meteorologists of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in an airplane equipped to record temperature, barometric pressure and relative humidity.

To carry out this work, MIT secured funds to purchase a Cessna cabin monoplane powered with a Warner engine. Thedaily flights of this plane were part of a research program designed to gain new knowledge to aid in weather forecasting by measuring the variation of temperature and moisture at various altitudes in different air currents.

Improvement in weather data

Professor C. G. A. Rossby, who led the Institute's division of Meteorology, collaborated in studies to develop improved methods of recording weather data for comprehensive studies of cloud formations and their connection with the vertical structure of the atmosphere. Specially designed photographic equipment was installed in the plane. The readings are automatically and continuously recorded throughout the flight on a...
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