The Karla Caves
or Karle Caves
are a complex of ancient Buddhist Indian rock-cut architecture
cave shrines developed over two periods - from the 2nd century BC to the 2nd century AD, and from the 5th century AD to the 10th century AD. The oldest of the cave shrines is believed to date back to 160 BC. Located in Karli
, the caves are on a major ancient trade route
, running eastward from the Arabian Sea
into the Deccan
. Karli's location in Maharashtra places it in a region that marks the division between North India
and South India
The caves were historically associated with the Mahāsāṃghika
sect of Buddhism, which had great popularity in this region of India, as well as wealthy patronage.Dutt, Nalinaksha. Buddhist Sects in India.
1998. p. 62Gadkari, Jayant. Society and Religion: From Rgveda to Puranas.
1996. p. 198 The caves house a Buddhist monastery
dating back to the 2nd century BC. The monastery was once home to two 15-meter grand pillars. Now only one of these remains, and the remaining space is... Read More