The was a class of two armored cruisers
of the Imperial Japanese Navy
based on the developed by Italy
at the end of the 19th century.
The Italian Giuseppe Garibaldi
-class design was a private venture by the Italian
firm of Gio. Ansaldo & C.
, which was hoping to profit from the need for the world's navies to modernize towards heavily armored steam warships. The design was so popular that between 1894 and 1902 ten cruisers were purchased by four different countries: The first five by the Italian Navy
, four by the Argentine Navy
and one by the Spanish Navy
The Italian Navy ordered the final two vessels of this class in 1902 as the Mitre
. Sold to the Argentine Navy before completion, they were renamed as the Rivadavia
and the Mariano Moreno
. The Argentines in turn sold them to the Imperial Japanese Navy before final completion in 1904, and they were renamed the and .
Designed by Edoardo Masdea
, the Garibaldi
-class cruiser was a hybrid between a cruiser
and a battleship
. At maximum speed, the design was slightly slower than contemporary cruisers, but was very heavily armed and also very heavily armored, in a package with very low displacement and moderate dimensions.
The class was unusual in that they did not have a uniform main armament. Some had single guns in gun turrets
fore and aft; others (including the Kasuga
) had a mixed armament of a single gun in one turret and another turret with twin guns. A third variation (including the......