() was an Israeli settlement
in the Gush Katif
bloc in the Gaza Strip
, about 1 km north of the Palestinian refugee camp
of Deir el-Balah
. It was founded in 1977 as an Orthodox moshav
. The name is derived from the nearby Tel Katifa archeological site
Katif was founded as a paramilitary Nahal
settlement in 1973, and handed over to civilians in 1977. Some 70 families, or 330 people, including 220 children, lived in the moshav. A religious elementary school and a high school located there served many of the other settlements in the region. The economy was based on a plastics
factory, a fabric
factory, and agriculture, including a nursery and a dairy farm.
Like all the Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip, Katif was evacuated as part of the unilateral disengagement plan
, decided on by the Israeli
government in 2004.
After their eviction, most of the families (forty-five) chose to move to a temporary refugee camp adjacent to Amatzia
, a previously non-religious moshav of thirty-five families, and start planning their permanent settlement in the area.