Kem, Karelia

Kem, Karelia

Russian Town
Russian Town Less

Kem, Karelia

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Kem (; ; ) is a historic town in the Republic of Karelia, Russia, located on the shores of the White Sea where the Kem River enters it, on the railroad leading from Petrozavodsk to Murmansk. Population:

Kem was first mentioned as a demesne of the Novgorod posadnik Marfa Boretskaya in 1450, when she donated it to the Solovetsky Monastery (situated in the White Sea several kilometers off shore). In 1657, a wooden fort was erected there.

Also wooden is the town's remarkable cathedral, built in 1711–1717. It is a fine example of the tented roof-construction so popular in old Russian architecture. The cathedral's iconostasis features precious 17th-century century icons from Novgorod.

Town status was granted to Kem in 1785.

On April 10, 1918 the town was reached by Finnish troops during the Viena expedition in a failed attempt to join White Sea Karelia to Finland.

Kem was used as departure place for boats headed to Solovki carrying political prisoners from 1926 to 1939. During the Cold War, the town has been the site of Poduzhemye air base, a key interceptor aircraft airfield covering Karelia.

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Kem Kem
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