Khabarovsk War Crime Trials
were a series of hearings held between December 25 - 31st, 1949 in the Soviet Union
's industrial city of Khabarovsk
(Хабáровск) situated on the Russian Far East
(Дáльний Востóк). There, twelve members of the Japanese Kwantung Army
were tried as war criminals for manufacturing and using biological weapons
during World War II
During the trials, the accused, such as Major General Kiyashi Kawashima, testified that, as early as 1941, some 40 members of unit 731 air-dropped plague
-contaminated fleas on Changde
. These operations caused epidemic plague outbreaks.Daniel Barenblatt, A Plague upon Humanity
, HarperCollins, 2004, pp. 220-221.
All twelve accused war criminals were found guilty, and sentenced to terms ranging between two and twenty-five years in a labour camp
. All were repatriated to Japan in 1956.
Accused and their sentences
- General Otozō Yamada, former Commander-in-Chief of the Kwantung Army • 25 years
- Lt-General Kajitsuka Ryuji, former Chief of Medical Administration • 25 years
- Lt-General Takahashi Takaatsu, former Chief of the Veterinary Service • 25 years
- Major General Kawashima Kiyoshi, former Chief of Unit 731 • 25 years
- Major Karasawa Tomio, former Chief of a section of Unit 731 • 18 years
- Lt-Colonel Nishi Toshihide, former Chief of a division of Unit 731 • 20 years
- Major Onoue Masao, former Chief of a branch of Unit 731 • 12 years
- Major General Sato Shunji, former......