Originally the Khas (खस) / Khasas or Khasiyas
are the mountain dwellers living in the southern shadow of the Himalayan range from Kashmir
, but mostly in Nepal
, Himachal Pradesh
, North Bengal
, (especially in the parts of former Greater Nepal
). The Khas
are typically thought to be descendants western Himalayan people that gradually moved eastward to Uttarkhand and Nepal as well as toward North Bengal and Bhutan. Indo-European traits exhibited by many Khas include fair complexion, generally tall or medium stature, with a long nose and black-brown hair.
In Nepal, the Khas
were rice-growing settlers in the Karnali-Bheri basin of far western Nepal since early historic times. When Khas
peoples migrated eastward, they bypassed the inhospitable Kham highlands to settle in the lower valleys of the Gandaki
basin suited to rice cultivation. One notable extended family settled in Gorkha, a petty principality about halfway between Pokhara
and Kathmandu. In the late 1700s, the Gorkha King Prithvi Narayan Shah
raised armies of Khas
and possibly other hill tribesmen and set out to conquer and consolidate dozens of petty principalities in the Himalayan foothills, including the three Malla kingdoms of the Kathmandu Valley.
had replaced the original Khas homeland as the center of political and military initiative, Khas-kura was renamed Gorkhali, i.e. language of the Gorkhas. More recently, it has been renamed... Read More