or Kili Atoll
, ) is a coral atoll
located in the Pacific Ocean
, and forms a legislative district of the Ralik Chain
of the Marshall Islands
. It is approximately southwest of Jaluit
. The island, which has no central lagoon
protection, is one of the smallest islands in the Marshall Islands.
Kili cannot be reached by ship four months out of the year because of rough seas. However, there is a grass airstrip on the island, Kili Airport
, which is served by Air Marshall Islands
when its aircraft are operational. The main agricultural product of the island is copra
. Residents are supported through trust agreements between the United States
and the Marshall Islands yielding about $15 per person per year.
Kili Atoll was claimed by the Empire of Germany
along with the rest of the Marshall Islands in 1884. After World War I
, the island came under the South Pacific Mandate
of the Empire of Japan
. Following the end of World War II
, it came under the control of the United States
as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands
. Kili was uninhabited until November 2, 1948, at which point, the United States government relocated the Bikini Atoll
's indigenous population of 200 while Bikini was used for nuclear tests
. The population today is approximately 600 people, composed primarily of descendants of refugees of Bikini.
Island produce consists of (in descending order of quantity) coconuts