The King Dragon Operation
, or Naga Min Sitsin Yae, was a large scale military
operation in Arakan
carried out during the rule of General Ne Win
. The operation focused on rooting out Mujahid
rebels in the area. who had been fighting of an Islamic state in Northern Rakhine state. However, some claim that the operation was a front for rounding up Rohingya people.
The operation began February 6, 1978 in the village of Sakkipara in Sittwe
district, where there were mass arrests
of alleged collaborators and sympathizers of the Mujahid rebels. Over three months, approximately 200,000 to 250,000 Muslims, consisting mainly Rohingya
fled to neighboring Bangladesh
, where the Muslim government of Bangladesh offered them shelter in makeshift camps. The United Nations
recognized them as refugees
and began a relief operation.