Kingdom of Armenia (antiquity)

Kingdom Of Armenia (Antiquity)

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Kingdom of Armenia (antiquity)

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The ancient Kingdom of Armenia was an independent monarchy from 331 BC to AD 428. The peak of the kingdom's power and its integration in Hellenistic culture under Tigranes and his son Artavasdes is also referred to as Armenian Empire.After the fall of the Achaemenid Empire, the former Satrapy of Armenia was divided in about 120 clan territories ruled by nakharars. These were united under Artaxias I, the founder of the Artaxiad Dynasty, after whom the early phase of the kingdom is also known as Artaxiad Armenia ().Armenia reached its greatest size and influence under King Tigranes II (r. 95-55 BC) stretched from the Mediterranean Sea northeast to the Kura River. The Artaxiads were overthrown by the Romans in AD 12, resulting in a period of turmoil and civil war. Two Roman client kings were installed, Tigranes V and Tigranes VI. After AD 54, the kingdom came to be ruled by theArsacid Dynasty after which it is also known as Arsacid Armenia ().In AD 387, Armenia was divided into Byzantine Armenia in the west and Persian Armenia in the east.Persian Armenia remained under the rule of Arsacid client kings until AD 428.

Today, when not referring to Wilsonian Armenia, Greater Armenia generally refers to the kingdom's borders under the Arsacid dynasty.

History

Origins

When the Achaemenid Empire conquered the Caucasus and Asia Minor in the 6th century BC, the territory of Ararat (Urartu) was reorganized into a satrapy called Armina (Harminuya in Elamite, Urashtu in Babylonian)....
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